Relationship between Personal Experience and Literary Creation in Traditional Literati Characteristics

  • Guangyu Zeng


In order to study the relationship between the personal experiences of traditional literati and poets and their literary works, the paper analyzed the personal experiences and literary works of Li Bai, the poet of the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), and Su Shi, the poet of the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD), and explored the relationships between their personal experiences and their creation of literary works. The traditional Chinese culture has a long history. Through thousands of years of feudal rule, many outstanding literati emerged, especially in the Tang and Song Dynasties, such as Li Bai, Du Fu, Li Shang-yin, Su Shi, Li Qing-zhao, etc. They were brilliant and made remarkable works in their respective fields. Their achievements in literature, as well as their poetry, are also very welcomed by modern people. In the feudal society, entering the official position through the imperial examination was an important way for many literati to realize the value of life. The original intentions including “Study is also the way, the road is in it”, “Being poor and independent, being rich and enthusiastic” were also the purpose of them. Through the analysis of Li Bai and Su Shi’s personality characteristics, life experiences and the characteristics of their literary works, the paper has found that after the entry into the political world, various factors and changes made them unable to concentrate on literary creation anymore; besides, as the imperial bureaucrats, they would be subject to court politics. These factors, their careers, and their personal life experiences have had an important impact on their literary creation, thus forming their later literary works.