Cross-effects of being Amateur or Licensed Athletes and Attitudes Towards Physical Education in Upper Secondary Schools

  • Hakan Atamturk


Attitudes are learned behaviors which play an important role in the learning process in educational contexts. Maintaining a positive attitude towards a course is likely to influence students’ course related preferences in their lives. Drawing on this, it is posed that students’ attitudes towards physical education (PE) classes are indicative of whether they will lead an active life or not in the future. In this respect, determining attitudes and the variables affecting and shaping them gain importance. The current study is designed to determine the attitudes of 695 upper secondary students towards PE classes and investigate the variables affecting their attitudes. Employing the survey method, the collected data were analyzed quantitatively to find that the participants’ overall attitudes towards PE classes are positive. A Mann-Whitney U test revealed a statistically significant difference between the responses of the participants in favor of the males, the participants who always do sport outside school and the ones who are licensed athletes. The results indicate that   gender, the frequency of doing sport in  free time and being a licensed athlete do have an impact on  attitudes towards PE.